There were several reasons why Paul was feeling great sorrow and continual grief in his heart when he spoke in the passage.
Firstly, he was a man after God’s heart who knew the love, mercy and grace God has for the people.
Secondly, his heart cried out for his fellow countrymen who were living under deception, ignorance and blinded by the god of this age.
He identified with them, the people of Israel and expressed his profound concern for them, he prayed for their salvation and he knew that God had not rejected them. He loved them so much that he would rather that he be lost for eternity in exchange for them to be saved.
It was very frustrating for Paul because it was so clear that the Israelites had been told that the Messiah will come to save them. They were the chosen ones to have the lineage where Christ the Saviour would be brought into the world. At various points in time, they were given the law, the different covenants, to serve in the tabernacle and received all the promises that a greater being will come.
Yet when Christ, the Saviour came to their midst they rejected Him and chose to remain in their religious ways. The people were still embracing the legalistic aspect of religion, through works that attempted to earn the right standing before God, rituals and practices that will never cleanse a person of his sin.
Hebrews 10:11 (NKJV) And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.
They were offering the sacrifices over and over again yearly because all these sacrifices were not able to take the sins away permanently. It would constantly remind the people of their sins and their inadequacy.
Sermon Series: Lengthen the Cords – Our Nation
罗马书 9:1-5 “我在基督里说真话，并不谎言，有我良心被圣灵感动，给我作见证： 我是大有忧愁，心里时常伤痛； 为我弟兄，我骨肉之亲，就是自己被咒诅，与基督分离，我也愿意。 他们是 以色列 人；那儿子的名分、荣耀、诸约、律法、礼仪、应许都是他们的。 列祖就是他们的祖宗；按肉体说，基督也是从他们出来的。他是在万有之上，永远可称颂的 神。阿们！”
首先，他是一个跟随 神心意的人，他知道 神对百姓的慈爱、怜悯和恩惠。
希伯来书 10:11“凡祭司天天站着事奉 神 ，屡次献上一样的祭物，这祭物永不能除罪。”
讲章系列：扩大地界 – 我们的国度